Taurus is one of the 12 constellations of the zodiac, first catalogued by the Greek astronomer Ptolemy in the 2nd century.

In Greek mythology, the constellation is associated with Zeus, who transformed himself into a bull in order to get close to Europa and abduct her.

Taurus is known for its bright stars Aldebaran, El Nath, and Alcyone, as well as for the variable star T Tauri.

The constellation is probably best known for the Pleiades (Messier 45), also known as the Seven Sisters, and the Hyades, which are the two nearest open star clusters to Earth.

Taurus also has a number of famous deep sky objects, among them the supernova remnant Messier 1 (the Crab Nebula), Hind’s Variable Nebula (NGC 1555), the colliding galaxies NGC 1410 and NGC 1409, the Crystal Ball Nebula (NGC 1514), and the Merope Nebula (NGC 1435).

The brightest star in the constellation is Aldebaran, Alpha Tauri, with an apparent visual magnitude of 0.85.

Aldebaran is also the 13th brightest star in the sky.There are two meteor showers associated with the constellation; the Taurids and the Beta Taurids.FACTS, LOCATION & MAP Taurus is the 17th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 797 square degrees.It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -65°.The neighboring constellations are Aries, Auriga, Cetus, Eridanus, Gemini, Orion and Perseus.Taurus contains two Messier objects – Messier 1 (M1, NGC 1952, Crab Nebula) and Messier 45 (the Pleiades) – and has five stars that may have planets in their orbits.