Although not the northernmost naturally occurring palm in the world (Chamaerops humilis grows further north in the Mediterranean, and Rhapidophyllum and some Sabal species further north on the Atlantic coast of North America), it is one of the hardiest, as it grows at much higher altitudes, up to 2,400 m (7,874 ft) in the mountains of southern China.This brings it into a climate not only with cold winters, but also cool, moist summers; while Rhapidophyllum may possibly tolerate slightly lower temperatures in winter, it needs much greater summer heat to grow successfully.

Hot hermaphrodite hook up-55

windmill palm or Chusan palm, is a palm native to central China (Hubei southwards), southern Japan (Kyushu), south to northern Burma and northern India, growing at altitudes of 100–2,400 m (328–7,874 ft).

Trachycarpus fortunei grows to 12–20 m (39–66 ft) tall on a single stem the diameter of which is up to 15–30 centimetres (5.9–11.8 in).

The trunk is very rough with the persistent leaf bases clasping the stem as layers of coarse fibrous material.

It is a fan palm with the leaves with the long petiole bare except for two rows of small spines, terminating in a rounded fan of numerous leaflets; each leaf is 140–190 centimetres (55–75 in) long, with the petiole 60–100 centimetres (24–39 in) long, and the leaflets up to 90 centimetres (35 in) long.

It is a somewhat variable plant, especially as regards its general appearance and some specimens are to be seen with leaf segments having straight and others having drooping tips.

The flowers are yellow (male) and greenish (female), about 2–4 millimetres (0.079–0.157 in) across, borne in large branched panicles up to 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) long in spring; it is dioecious, with male and female flowers produced on separate trees.The fruit is a yellow to blue-black, reniform (kidney-shaped) drupe 10–12 millimetres (0.39–0.47 in) long, ripening in mid autumn. fortunei, besides the usual spadices, produces a few other spadices carrying really hermaphroditic flowers.Completely fertile, these are almost exactly like the male flowers, but are a little larger and with the carpels well evolute, the latter about as long as the filaments, furnished with a ring of silvery hairs all round.Trachycarpus fortunei is cultivated as a trunking palm in gardens and parks throughout the world in warm temperate and subtropical climates.Its tolerance of cool summers and cold winters makes it highly valued by palm enthusiasts, landscape designers and gardeners.It can be grown successfully in such cool and damp but relatively winter-mild locales as Scotland, Southern New England, Long Island, and British Columbia Canada, as well as in warm temperate climates in parts of the United States, Europe (predominantly UK, France and Germany), New Zealand, and Asia. The info on the THE POLAR PALMS OF BULGARIA ´Trachycarpus 'Plovdiv' is moved to Trachycarpus Takil due to the characteristics pointing to the palm being of that species.